Robert Grosseteste and Robin Hood
This is a practice exercise accompanying the Magna Carta Paleography Lesson. Please see this handy list of abbreviations in English manuscripts for further guidance.
Read some words with papal knots. Note that the knot often indicates a missing -er in the word (right above where it appears).
4. Which word in this snippet contains a papal knot?
What majuscule (capital) letter forms do the following examples start with?
Read words that begin with majuscule (capital) letters.
Most manuscripts you will encounter will contain at least a few abbreviations. This copy of the Magna Carta contains many. If a word has been abbreviated, there will be a symbol or stroke indicating where letters are missing.
Match the abbreviated words to their correct transcription.
The most common use of the letter w is for people's and place names. Read a name that begins with w, and also contains a papal knot!
One difficulty in reading Gothic scripts has to do with distinguishing
minims. It is often hard, for example, to tell the difference between
in, ni and m.
Sometimes scribes, particularly later scribes, will add
a stroke to help you out. But mostly you have to rely on your
knowledge of Latin to figure out what word is intended. Note: Yes, 16 and 17 are two different words.
Challenge: Read the phrase!
Tip: When editors can't figure out what a particular word is, sometimes they look up other nearby phrases in printed editions of the work. Here's the Magna Carta in case you want to look up a phrase!
For help look at this
type your answer here, with no punctuation
Image samples are taken from a copy of the Magna Carta held in the British Library, Cotton MS. Augustus II. 106.