Albert the Great

On Alchemy

Latin Grammar: Gerunds

Ad id autem quod ulterius quaeritur, sciendum quod in omnibus speciebus, in quibus manet aqua secundum duum effectum in impetu infrigidandi, mundandi et fluendi potest fieri baptismus.


What is a gerund? A gerund is a verb that has been made into a noun. For example, the gerund of the English verb to love would be loving. Thus in Latin, the gerund must be formed and then declined just like any Latin noun. The gerund is usually formed by adding "nd" plus a personal ending to the stem of the verb.

Locate the three gerunds in the passage above, in the order they appear.




Now, for practice, form the gerund of the verb amare for all cases, starting with the genitive. (The gerund has no nominative; the infinitive serves this purpose.) Remember to keep the gerund separate from the gerundive, which is a different grammatical construction but looks very similar to the gerund.

4. Genitive:

5. Dative:

6. Accusative:

7. Ablative:

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