John Duns Scotus

On the Beatific Vision

Latin Grammar: Conditionals

Ergo nulla potentia beatificabilis potest quietari in aliquo nisi sit infinitum; et per consequens infinitas est per se conditio obiecti quietativi, et ita beatifici.


A conditional sentence is divided into the protasis (the “if” clause) and the apodosis (the “then” clause). When the compound nisi is used in a conditions, it implies that the apodosis, the “then” clause, is universally true. There is one exception: when the protasis, the “if” clause, is true, then the apodosis is false.

Also note that, in the above case, the subjunctive is used to indicate the potentiality of statement.

Translate the following Latin sentences into English. Do not use any punctuation (commas or periods).

1. Nisi hoc facio, non beatus sum.

2. Non hoc faciam nisi parebis.

3. Hoc non potuit fieri nisi nunc.

4. Nemo sum nisi magister.

5. Hoc face, nisi ille facit.

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