Bartholomew the Englishman

On the Eyes

Introduction by Juris Lidaka

Bartholomew says: "The eyes (oculi), as Isidore says in book 2, ch.2, are so called because they are hidden (occulti), since the coverings of the eyelids hide them, lest they be hurt by an accidental injury, and also since they have a hidden secret light set within. Among all the senses, they are by far closest to the soul, for every judgment of the mind is in the eyes. Therefore, the soul’s distress or pleasaure appears in the eyes, and similarly love or hate, and other emotions. They are also called “lights,” since they receive the external light, and they share what they receive and emit it again."

Original Latin