Roger Bacon

On the Location of the Universe

Latin Grammar: Impersonal Verbs

Ad objectum respondeo: quedam participant locum et ejus proprietatem in quo fiant, et de istis intelligendum quod [si] aliquid participant aliqua, oportet quod conjungantur sine distantia et divisione, sicut est in aliis proprietatibus...

Impersonal verbs appear primarily in the third person singular and have no expressed subject. Impersonal verbs are followed by a variety of constructions. Verbs of feeling are generally followed by an accusative of the subject whereas the infinitive becomes the subject of other impersonal verbs. Impersonal verbs meaning "it happens," "it remains," "it follows," and "it is necessary" can be followed by what is called a substantive clause of result, or ut followed by a verb in the subjunctive. Translate the following Latin sentences into English to practice dealing with impersonal verbs.

1. Accidit ut ille esset fortis. .
2. Hoc mihi des necesse est. .
3. Placet mihi hoc facere. .
4. Opus est nos hoc facere. .
5. Pudet me. .
6. Mihi parcitur. .

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