William of Ockham

On Logic

Latin Grammar: Irregular comparative: plus

Verumtamen sciendum quod universale duplex est. Quoddam est universale naturaliter, quod scilicet naturaliter est signum praedicabile de pluribus, ad modum, proportionaliter, quo fumus naturaliter significat ignem et gemitus infirmi dolorem et risus interiorem laetitiam. Et tale universale non est nisi intentio animae, ita quod nulla substantia extra animam nec aliquod accidens extra animam est tale universale.

Almost all third-declension comparatives are declined in the same way; the exception is plus, "more." Plus does not exist in the singular except for the neuter, where it is used only as a noun (in the masculine and feminine it can also be used as an adjective). Plus is declined more like a regular third-declension adjective than like other third-declension comparatives: the genitive plural ends in -ium, and the accusative plural can be written pluris rather than plures.

Exercise: Fill in the correct form of plus.

1. Non dicam .

2. Arbitro de rebus.

3. E unum.

4. Universale est signum rerum.

5. Philosophus considerat argumenta quam adulescens.

6. res considerandae sunt.

7. Medicus medicinam dat infirmis quam philosophus.

8. Non considero argumenta philosophorum.

9. Non considero argumenta.

10. Considero aliquas res.

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