Hildegard of Bingen

On the Planets and the Firmament

Latin Grammar: Figures of Speech

Firmamentum quoque stellis continetur,  ne  dilabatur, uelut homo a uenis sustentatur, ne diffluat et ne separetur. Et ut uene totum corpus hominis a pede usque ad caput pertranseunt, sic etiam stelle firmamentum. Et quemadmodum sanguis in uenis mouetur, et ut sanguis eas mouet et salire et ictus dare facit, ita etiam ignis in stellis mouetur et eas mouari et quasdam scintillas uelud quosdam saltus et ictus emittere facit.

Figures of Speech
The first sentence of the passage above contains two very common figures of speech.  Choose from among the following, and then identify which word or words from the sentence signify the figures of speech you have identified.

  • Alliteration: the repetition of initial sounds in a series of words.
  • Anaphora: the repetition of an initial word in several succeeding phrases, clauses, or sentences.
  • Asyndeton:the omission of conjunctions in sentences where they would normally be expected.
  • Hyperbole:  an exaggeration, purely for effect.
  • Litotes: essentially, a double negative; confirming one thing by denying its opposite.
  • Metaphor: an implied comparison, without "like" or "as."
  • Simile: a comparison using "like" or "as."
First figure of speech  
1. type:
  word(s) signifying it: *
Second figure of speech  
2. type:
  word(s) signifyiing it: *

*Don't include punctuation, slashes, or ellipses (...)

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