On Prophecy

Latin Grammar: Conditional Clauses of Comparison

Transit enim per mentem eius prius conclusio, et deinde excitatur ad cognoscendum medium terminum, quasi veniat in animam eius, et nesciat unde vel prius percipit medium terminum, et deinde presentatur ei conclusio, sicut eum quis videns descensum lapidis deorsum animadvertit quod nisi esset diversitas parcium, non descenderet lapis deorsum.

Conditional Clauses of Comparison talk about one thing happening as if it were something else. They are introduced by quasi, ac si,, ut si, tamquam si, velut si, or quam si (only to say more than or less than). These clauses take the subjunctive mood. The normal rules for sequence of tenses in conditional statements apply.

Fill in the missing Latin verb in the correct mood and tense:

1. Puer laborat quamvis servum . (esse)

     "The boy works as if he is a slave."

2. Plebs in foro ac si senator fuerit. (dicere)

     "The common man spoke in the forum as if he were a senator."

3. Puella magna voce clamabat ut si ex arbore . (cadere)

     "The girl was shouting with a loud voice as if she were falling from a tree."

4. Pugnaverunt velut si se . (odisse)

     "They fought as though they hated each other."

5. Vivebamus quasi cras . (morior)

     "We lived as though tomorrow we would die."

Hint: Since the action of dying takes place in the future with respect to the fighting, a future participle must be used here (Don't forget about mood!).

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