Robert Grosseteste and Robin Hood

Latin Grammar: The Nominative Case

Unusquisque liber homo decetero sine occasione faciat in bosco suo, vel in terra sua quam habeat in foresta, molendinum, vivarium, stagnum, marleram, fossatum, vel terram arabilem extra cooperatum in terra arabili, ita quod non sit ad nocumentum alicuius vicini.

The Nominative Case

In English, a word's grammatical function is marked by its placement in a sentence.  Since Latin does not have a set word order, it uses a system of cases to indicate a word's function.  Cases are marked by the ending of an adjective.  Nouns are listed in the dictionary according to the nominative case, which indicates that the word is the subject of the sentence. 

In other words, the nominative noun is the noun which is doing the action in a Latin sentence.  Often, the nominative noun is the first noun in a Latin sentence, as in English. 

Indicate the nominative noun in the following sentences.

1.  Homo hoc fecit. 

2.  Marcus multos libros habet. 

3.  Ego forestam vidi. 

4.  Episcopus hoc facere potest. 

5.  Ille me monet. 

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