On the Sensitive Soul

Latin Grammar: Subject Infinitive

Deinde dedit causam propter quam magis adiuvat Naturalem scientiam quam aliam, dicendo: EST ENIM QUASI PRINCIPIUM ANIMALIUM. Idest, et causa in hoc est quia cognoscere de animalibus est maxima cognitio partium naturalium, et anima est principium animalium. Unde necessarium est ut scire de anima sit necessarium in cognitione animalium, non tantum utile.

As you know, the infinitive, or second principal part of a verb, is a verbal noun. It can, therefore, be used as the subject or object of a verb. As a subject, it is often--although not always--rendered in English with an -ing ending. For example: Videre est credere = Seeing is believing.

Match the following Latin infinitive phrases with an appropriate English translation. (A sentence with an asterisk comes from the Latin passage above.)

*1. Cognoscere...est maxima cognito.... A. To err is human.
*2. Scire...sit necessarium... . B. Sleeping is necessary
3. Errare humanum es. C. To die for one's country is noble.
4. Dormire necesse est. D. Knowing is the highest understanding.
5. Mori patriae nobile est. E. Understanding is a necessity.

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